Yorkie is the short form name for Yorkshire Terrier. This little terrier was originally bred to be no bigger than 7lbs and was intended to catch rats in clothing mills. Its distinguished colouring is grey, black and tan.
With this dog their is a very specific importance placed on the coat quality. The coat quality should be textured, with straight and glossy hair, the strands need to be fine and silky. AKC recognized color variations are; blue and tan, blue and gold, black and tan, and black and gold. Breeders look at any other color variations of the Yorkie as a potential indicator for genetic defect that may lead to health problems.
Some people out their that have color variations in the litters sometimes will try to charge a premium to the unknowing buyer, the atypical colors are not exotic or special. Further, it may take two to three years before the color of the coat to reaches it’s final color. As the dog ages the coloring changes.
If you are someone that has allergies, this little guy may be the pup for you… Because of the type of fine hair that they have they are considered hypoallergenic. This dog does not really shed, it losses minimal hair mostly when being groomed or bathed. It’s not to say a person with severe allergies won’t find irritation with a Yorkie, this simply just means the likely hood of a reaction is very minimal.
Temperament, This is a unique dog, they are courageous, curious they are active very overprotective and also fond of attention. So you pretty much have a whole range of personality traits wrapped up in a 7lb present. Typically, Yorkies are not suitable for homes with young children, some breeders during the application stage won’t even put a pup in a home with children under 8. This is as much for the comfort of the dog as it is for the children.
Yorkies are super smart, and with consistent training can be trained pretty easily, use of treats and food for praise goes al long way. Because these dogs were bred to be working dogs they need a lot of stimulation. Mental stimulation and physical stimulation is necessary and should be part of the daily routine.
Temperament and needs of the dog can very, breeders should be advising you on what personality traits are typical to their line. A note to keep in mind, these dogs are typically big barkers, their has been some progress in curving this issue with regular exercise and training. Yorkies like to be with their humans, they may be timid around other dogs, so it’s a good idea to keep an eye on them.
Health, Yorkies have a sensitive stomach. Digestive issues will happen if they eat strange foods or deviate from their normal diet. Because they are so small, they can be fragile and are susceptible to injury from a fall, other dogs or incident from clumsiness of the owner. There can also be issues with allergies, their skin can get dry and itchy, sometimes even red.
The average life expectancy of a Yorkie 13-20, with toy versions their life expectancy is shorter and chronic diarrhea and vomiting along with an increased sensitivity to anesthesia is common.
Teeth issues are a major thing with small breeds. With a Yorkie because their jaw is so small sometimes their is an issue with too many teeth growing in or the baby teeth not falling out properly. If their is crowding in the mouth this can cause plaque to build up, the plaque built up will lead to bacteria forming on the outsides of the teeth and gums. The bacteria from the teeth can spread to other parts of the body and effect the heart and kidneys. The good news is their is preventative measures, you can prevent this by regular brushing of the teeth, with dog toothpaste of course. And if necessary dental care can be done by the vet too.
When you are unsure about things about the breed you are interested in, a great source for more information is the breeder you are considering to purchase from. They love questions, it shows you really car, they want their pups to go to the best homes, and helping owners make informed decisions is a big part of that.